corporeal词根

英语常见词缀表

使用说明:下表体字部分为词根和前及其变体;两斜杠之斜体字为词根词缀的
含义;其后是例词。变体和原体的含义相同,只是由于元音或辅音的发音关系,
原体发生了变化,产生了变体而已。

例如:在“a-, an- / without, lacking, not / asymmetric, apolitical, anemia”例条中,
a- 和 an- 为前缀,其中 an- 为 a- 的变体;/ without, lacking, not / 为该前缀的含
义;而asymmetric, apolitical和anemia为例词。

前缀:

a-, an- / without, lacking, not / asymmetric, apolitical, asexual, anemia, anarchy
ab-, a-, abs- / from, away from / abduct, abjure, abdication, avert, abstain
ad-, ac-, af-, ag-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at- / to, forward / admit, adjure, accord, affliction,
aggregation, annexation, apparition, arraignment, assumption, attendance
ambi- / both / ambidextrous, ambivalent
amphi- / round, about / amphitheater, amphigens
an-, ana- / up; up through, back / anatomy, analysis, anachronism
ante-, anti- / before / antecedent, antebellum, anticipate
anti- / counter, against / antibiotic, antibody, antisocial, antifascist
apo- / away, from / apostasy, apostle
ar-, arch- /chief, principal / archangel, archenemy, architect
be- / to make, to take from / belittle, befriend, betake, bespeak
belli- / war / belligerent, rebellious, bellicose
ben-, bon- / good, well / benefit, benediction, benign, bonus
bi- / two / bicycle, bilateral, bisect, bipolar, bivalence
biblio- / book / bibliography, bibliophile, Bible
by- / aside or apart from the common, secondary / by-product, bypass, byname
cat- / downwards, under, against / catacomb, catechise, catastrophe
circu-, circum- / around / circumnavigation, circumlocution, circumspection, circuit
com-, con-, col-, cor-, co- / together, with / combine, compassion, contract, concentric,
collaborate, correspond, cooperation
contra- / against / contradiction, contraband, contrast
de- / down from, away / decapitate, dehydrate, dehumanize, degrade
demi- / a half or a part of / demi-god, demilune, demiwolf
di-, dia- / through, across / diode, diameter, dialog, dialectics
dif-, dis- / not, the opposite, apart / different, diffuse, disagree, pert, dispel
dys- / badly, with difficulty, hard / dyscrasia, dyslexia, dyspepsia
e- / out / emigrant, egress, emit, elope, ejaculate, eject
ec-, ef-, ex- / an outcome of / effect, effulgence, ecstasy, eccentric, expire
em-, en- / to make / employ, embrace, enable, enrich
em-, en- / in, on, into / encage, enclose, embalm, emphasis, energy
epi- / on, outer, over / epidermis, epicenter, epitaph
equi- / equal / equilateral, equilibrium, equivalent
ex-, exo-, extra- / from, out of, without / export, exodus, exotic, ex-officio, extraordinary
eu- / beautiful, good / eulogize, eugenics, euphemism
for- / not, against, away / forget, forbid, forgo, forfend
fore- / before, in front of / forehead, foretell, forefather
hemi- / a half / hemisphere, hemistich, hemicrania
hetero- / denoting dissimilarity / heterogeneous, heterodox, heterarchy
homo- / denoting similarity / homogeneous, homonym, homosexual
hydro- / water / hydraulics, hydrometer, hydropathy
hyper- / over, beyond, excessive / hypertension, hypercritical, hypersensitive
hypo- / under, beneath, down / hypothesis, hypothermia, hypocrisy
im-, in-, il-, ir- / in, into, on / imbibe, import, income, input, illustration, irrigation
im-, in-, il-, ir- / not / impossible, immature, inconsiderate, ineffectual, illegal, irresponsible
infra- / under, beneath / infrared, infra-structure, infra-costal
inter- / between / international, interpersonal, interaction, Internet
intra-, intro- / within / intramural, intravenous, Intranet, introduction, introspection
iso- / equality or similarity / isocheimal, isochomatic
kilo- /a thousand/ kilogram, kilowatt, kilometer
magna- /big, great/ magnanimous, magnitude, magnum
macro- / big / macrocomputer, macrocontrol, macroeconomy
mal- / bad, wrong / malnutrition, maltreatment, malapropism
mega- / of great size / megaphone, megaton, megalopolis, megavolt
meta- / beyond, transcending / metaphor, metaphysics, meta-memory
micro- /small / microcomputer, microcontrol, microeconomy
milli- /a thousand/ millennium, millimeter, millisecond
mis- / bad, wrong / mistake, misspelling, mispronounce, mislead
mono- / one, alone / monotony, monogamy, monochrome
multi- / many / multiple choice, multilateral, multimedia
neo- / new / neo-Confucianism, neolithic, neology, neodoxy
neu- / non-partial / neutral, neutron
neuro- / nerve / neurology, neurotic, neurasthemia
non- / not, reversing the sense / nonalignment, nonsmoker, nonsense
ob-, oc-, of-, o-, op- / in the way of, against / object, obsolete, occasion, offend, omit, oppose
omni- / all / omnivorous, omnibus, omniscient
out- / beyond, exceeding / outbid, outbreak
over- / beyond, excessive / overwork, overawe, overcoat
paleo- / old, anscient / paleoanthropology, paleobiology, paleolithic
pan-, panta- / all, everything / pan-America, pantomime, pandemonium
para- / alike, comparison, unlike / paraphrase, paradox, parody
peri- / around / peripheral, periscope, perimeter
poly- / many / polytechnic, polymer, polyglot
post- / after / postgraduate, posthumous, postwar
pre- / before / prewar, prepare, preposition, preschool
pro-, por-, pur- / forward, forth / progress, proceed, portend, pursue
pseud- / false or spurious / pseudo-science, pseudo-membrane, pseudonym
re-, retro- / back, again / regression, review, retrospect, retrogressive
se- / aside, separating / secede, seduce, sedition, separate
semi- (hemi-) / half, partly / semiconductor, semifinal, semicircle, hemisphere
sub-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sus-, / under / submit, submarine, succeed, suffix, suggest, support
sustain, subsonic
super- / above, greater, better / supersonic, supermarket, superpower, superiority
syn-, sym- / with, together / sympathy, symmetry, synchronic, synonym
trans- / across / transport, transplant, translation, transcontinental
tri- / three / tricycle, triple, triangle
ultra- / beyond, excessive, extreme / ultrasonic, ultraviolet
un- / not / undecided, unimportant
under- / beneath, lower in rank or degree / underdog, underfeed, undercoat
uni- / one / unite, unification, uniform
up- / upwards / uproot, upcast, upstart
with- / opposition, privation / withdraw, withstand

后缀:

-able, -ible / adj. capable of, fit for / eatable, workable, considerable, sizable
-ac /adj. like, pertaining to / cardiac, maniac
-age, -ance, -ence, -ancy, -ency /n. signifying the state of being / coinage, acceptance,
existence, constancy, consistency
-ate / v. to make / activate, motivate, originate
-cle, -cule / adj. or n. small, little / particle, sickle, animalcule, miniscule
-dom / n. signifying dominion, office / kingdom, officialdom
-er, -or, -eer / n. one who / worker, writer, professor, engineer
-fy / v. to make / beautify, purify, simplify
-ic, -ical / adj. relating to, having the nature of / historic, economic, biblical, mechanical
-ics /n. study / economics, physics, linguistics
-il, -ile /adj. having the property of / civil, juvenile, puerile, ductile
-ism / n. action or practice, theory or doctrine / mechanism, imperialism, dogmatism
-ist / n. one who / physicist, communist, cyclist
-ity / n. condition, quality / activity, flexibility, identity, probability, feasibility
-ize / v. to make / modernize, revolutionize, popularize, realize
-logy / n. study, work / geology, psychology, metallurgy
-ment, -mony / n. the state of being / experiment, movement, harmony, hegemony
-ness / n. condition, quality, state of being / carelessness, sadness, illness
-oid / n. like, resembling / asteroid, mongoloid, anthropoid
-ous, -ious, -ose /adj. having the quality of / industrious, dangerous, bellicose
-ship / n. the state or quality of / sportsmanship, partnership, friendship
-tion, -ation, -sion /n. condition, the act of / information, reflection, extroversion
-tude, -ty / n. signifying the property / attitude, altitude, radioactivity, tenacity
-ward(s) / signifying direction / eastward, homeward, upward

(常见的拉丁或希腊语词尾):
-us cactus, alumnus, impetus (original plural form: “i”, alumni)
-a alumna, vita, formula (original plural form: “i”, alumni, or “ae”, formulae)
-um datum, curriculum (original plural form: “a”, data, curricula)
-ia, -sis, -tis (medical terms) anoxia, anemia, dyslexia, tuberculosis, hepatitis, meningitis

词根:

-acr- / sharp / acrimonious, acerbity, acidulate
-act-, -ag- / to do / action, reaction, agent,
-aev- / age, era / primeval, coeval, medieval
-agog- / leader / demagogue, pedagogue
-agri-, -agrari- / field / agriculture, agrarian, peregrination
-ali- / another / alias, aliens, inalienable
-ann-, -en- / year / annual, anniversary, centennial, biennial
-anim- / spirit / unanimous, magnanimous, animation
-anthrop- / human / anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropist
-aqua- / water / aquatic sports, aquarium, aquanaut
-arch- / government, chief, leader / monarchy, anarchy, archbishop
-aster-, -astro-, -stellar- / star / asteroid, astronomy, constellation
-audi- / hear / auditor, auditorium, audio-visual lab
-auto- / self / autobiography, automation, automobile, autism
-belli- / fight, war / bellicose, belligerent, rebellion
-bio- / life / biology, biography, biochemical, antibiotics
-bon-, -ben- / good / bonus, debonair, benefit, benign, benediction
-brev- / short / brief, abbreviate, brevity
-cad-, -cas- / to fall / cadence, decadent, accident
-cap-, -capt-, -cep- / to take / capture, precept, participate
-cap-, -capit- / head, chief / capital, captain, decapitation, per capita income
-carn- / flesh, body / carnivore, incarnation
-ced-, -cess- / go, move, yield / precede, recede, succeed, antecedent, secede, process
-cent- / one hundred / century, centennial, percentage, centigrade, centipede
-centr- / center / central, concentric, centrifugal, concentrate
-chrom- / color / monochrome, trichromatic chromosome
-chron- / time / chronology, anachronism, synchronic, chronicle
-cid-, cis- / cut / incision, homicide, precision
-cit- / call / excite, incite, recite
-civi- / citizen / civil, civilian, civilization
-clam- / to cry out / clamorous, acclamation, exclaim
-claud-, -claus-, -clos-, -clud- / to close / claustrophobia, enclose, conclude
-cogno- / knowledge, knowing / cognition, recognition, incognito, acognostic
-comp- / to fill / complete, complement, comply
-cord- / heart / accord, cordial, discord
-corp- / body / corpse, corps, incorporation, corporeal
-cred- / to believe / credence, incredulous, incredible
-cur- / to care / curator, sinecure, to cure
-curr-, -curs- / course, to run / excursion, current, precursor, curriculum
-cycle- / cycle / bicycle, tricycle, recycle
-dat- / to give / data, mandate, date
-demo- / people / demography, democracy, demagogue, epidemic
-deb- / to owe / debt, indebtedness, debenture
-derm- / skin / epidermis, pachyderm, dermatology
-di-, -diurn- / daytime / diary, diurnal, journal
-dic- / say, speak / dictation, dictionary, dictator, contradiction
-doc- / to teach / docile, doctrine, document, doctor
-domin- / to rule / dominate, domain, indomitable
-duc- / lead / aqueduct, conductor, education, viaduct
-dynam- / power, strength / dynamite, dynamo, dynamics
-ego- / self / egocentric, egotism
-erg- / to work / energy, ergatocracy, metallurgy
-err- / to wander, to deviate / error, erratic, errand
-fact-, -fect- / make, do / factory, manufacture, effect, affect
-fall-, -fals- / to deceive / fallacy, infallible, falsification
-fer- / to bring, to bear / ferry, transfer, coniferous, refer
-flect- / bend / inflexible, reflect
-gam- / marriage / monogamy, bigamy, polygamy
-gen- / produce, birth / gene, generator, eugenic, generation
-geo- / earth / geology, geothermal, geometric
-graph-, -gram- / writing / geography, biography, telegram, diagram
-greg- / group, together / gregarious, aggregate, egregious
-helio- / the sun / heliotrope, heliograph, helium
-homo- / of human / homicide, homunculus,
-hydr- / water, of hydrogen / hydraulic, dehydrate, hydrotherapy, hydrocarbon, hydroxide
-it-, -itiner- / journey, road / exit, itinerary, reiterate
-jac-, -jec- / to throw / ejaculate, project, reject
-jur- / to swear / jury, abjure, perjury, jurisdiction
-lab-, -labor- / to work / laboratory, collaborate, laborious
-leg- / law / legislature, legal, legitimate
-leg-, -lect- / to choose / election, select, legible, eligible
-lib- / book / library, libretto, libel
-locu-, -log-, -loq- / to talk / elocution, monologue, soliloquy, eloquent
-luc- / light / elucidate, lucid, translucent
-magn- / big, great / magnum, magnanimous, magnify
-man- / hand / manufacture, manuscript, manicure, emancipation
-mar-, -mer- / sea, ocean / submarine, mermaid, marinology
-mit-, -miss- / send / transmit, emit, transmission, emission, permit, permission
-mon-, -monit- / to warn / admonish, premonition, monitor
-morph- / form, structure / morphology, morpheme, anthropomorphism
-mort-, -mori- / death / mortal, mortuary, moribund
-nav- / ship / navy, navigation, naval
-onym-, -nom- / name / synonym, pseudonym, nomenclature, nomination, misnomer
-oper- / to work / operation, cooperate, opera
-pac- / peace / pacify, pacifist, Pacific Ocean
-pathy- / feeling / sympathy, antipathy, telepathy, empathy
-pel- / to drive / compel, dispel, repel, propel
-pet-, -petit- / to seek / petition, compete, appetite
-phil- / love / Anglophile, hydrophilic, philosophy, philanthropist
-phob- / hate, fear / claustrophobia, acrophobia, xenophobia
-phon- / sound / telephone, microphone, phonology
-pod-, -ped- / foot / tripod, pedestrian, centripetal
-pon-, -pos- / position / postpone, position, preposition, positive
-polis- / city / metropolis, Indianapolis
-port- / carry / porter, portable, transport, exportation
-pseudo- / false, sham / pseudonym, pseudo-science, pseudology, pseudomorph
-psych- / mind / psychology, psychoanalysis, psywar
-put-, -putat- / to trim, to calculate / amputate, compute, putative, reputation
-que-, -qui- / to ask / question, query, request, inquisitive, prerequisite
-rid-, -ris- / to laugh / ridiculous, risibility, derision
-rog- / to ask / interrogate, prerogative, derogatory
-rupt- / to break / rupture, interrupt, eruption, bankrupt
-sci- / knowledge / science, omniscient, consciousness
-scrib-, -script- / write / scribble, inscribe, description, prescription, manuscript, scripture
-sed-, -sess- / to sit / session, sedentary, president, residence
-sens-, -sent- / to think, to feel / sense, sensitive, sensation, resent, consent
-sequ-, -secut- / follow / sequence, consequence, consecutive
-sol-, -solut- / to loosen / solvent, solution, absolve, dissolute, absolute
-son- / sound / subsonic, consonant, resonant, ultrasonic
-spect- / look at / spectrum, inspection, circumspection, retrospection
-spir- / breathe / spirit, aspiration, respiration
-soph- / wise / philosophy, sophisticate, sophomore
-tang-, -tact- / to touch / tangent, tangible, contact, contingent
-tele- / far / television, telephone, telediagnosis, telex
-temp- / mood / temper, temperament, temptation, contemptuous
-tempor- / time / temporary, contemporary, extemporaneous, temporize
-ten-, -tent- / to hold / tenable, tenacity, content, tenure
-terr- / land, earth / territory, subterranean, extraterrestrial, Mediterranean, inter
-theo-, -the- / god / theology, atheism, theory, pantheism
-therm- / heat / thermos bottle, thermometer, geothermal energy
-urb- / city / urban, suburban, urbane
-urn- / day / diurnal, nocturnal, journal
-ven-, -vent- / come / intervene, prevention, convention
-ver- / true / verify, verily, verisimilar, veracious
-via- / way / viaduct, deviation, trivial
-vid-, -vis- / see / video, visualize, vision, vista
-vinc-, -van- / conquer / victory, invincible, vanquish, vanity
-voc-, -vok- / call / vocation, revoke, invoke, provoke
-volv-, -volut- / to roll, to turn / evolve, revolve, convolution

http://bbs.bio668.com/htm_data/28/0701/7477.html

mono-one
bi-two
di-two
tri-three
tetra-four
penta-five
hexa-six
hepta-seven
octa-eight
bio-life
audio-able to hear
chrono-timeline
anti-against
a,an-without
ab-away from,ex.absent
ante-before
auto-self
bene-good,ex.benefit
p-god,ex.pine

http://www.virtualsalt.com/roots.htm
这个,很多,可看看

http://www.virtualsalt.com/roots.htm

http://www.zgzkzx.com/down/zlk/2006/127/06127194333IK5KFJ436I9.html 里下栽

http://www.zgzkzx.com/down/zlk/2006/127/06127194333IK5KFJ436I9.html

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